The following Guidelines for Managing Water Supplies
are from the FEMA website:
- Allow people to drink according to their needs. Many
people need even more than the average of one-half gallon,
per day. The individual amount needed depends on age,
physical activity, physical condition, and time of
- Never ration water unless ordered to do so by
authorities. Drink the amount you need today and try to
find more for tomorrow. Under no circumstances should a
person drink less than one quart (four cups) of water each
day. You can minimize the amount of water your body needs
by reducing activity and staying cool.
- Drink water that you know is not contaminated first. If
necessary, suspicious water, such as cloudy water from
regular faucets or water from streams or ponds, can be used
after it has been treated. If water treatment is not
possible, put off drinking suspicious water as long as
possible, but do not become dehydrated.
- Do not drink carbonated beverages instead of drinking
water. Carbonated beverages do not meet drinking-water
requirements. Caffeinated drinks and alcohol dehydrate the
body, which increases the need for drinking water.
- Turn off the main water valves. You will need to
protect the water sources already in your home from
contamination if you hear reports of broken water or sewage
lines, or if local officials advise you of a problem. To
close the incoming water source, locate the incoming valve
and turn it to the closed position. Be sure you and other
family members know how to perform this important
- To use the water in your pipes, let air into the
plumbing by turning on the faucet in your home at the
highest level. A small amount of water will trickle out.
Then obtain water from the lowest faucet in the home.
- To use the water in your hot-water tank, be sure the
electricity or gas is off, and open the drain at the bottom
of the tank. Start the water flowing by turning off the
water intake valve at the tank and turning on the hot water
faucet. Refill the tank before turning the gas or
electricity back on. If the gas is turned off, a
professional will be needed to turn it back on.