There is a variety of equipment that can be used with water.
From the kitchen to the bathroom to the garage to the barn, you
have a lot to consider in using water. Some ideas are listed
Having an aquarium in your home adds more than exciting
scenery. If you ever needed water, it could be a source of
water. Water from this source should be purified prior to
and Sink - If you have advanced
warning that you may lose water pressure, you can fill all of
your bathtubs and sinks. If you have time before losing your
water pressure, clean the sinks and tubs prior to filling them.
Make sure you have a way to stop the drains so they will
hold water. Water from this source should be purified prior to
Jugs - FEMA teaches the following about
storing drinking water in bottles and jugs:
- To prepare the safest and most reliable emergency
supply of water, it is recommended you purchase
commercially bottled water.
- Keep bottled water in its original container and do not
open it until you need to use it.
- Observe the expiration or “use by” date.
- If you are preparing your own containers of water it is
recommended you purchase food-grade water storage
containers from surplus or camping supplies stores to use
for water storage.
- Before filling with water, thoroughly clean the
containers with dish washing soap and water, and rinse
completely so there is no residual soap. Follow directions
below on filling the container with water.
- If you choose to use your own storage containers,
choose two-liter plastic soft drink bottles - not plastic
jugs or cardboard containers that have had milk or fruit
juice in them. Milk protein and fruit sugars cannot be
adequately removed from these containers and provide an
environment for bacterial growth when water is stored in
them. Cardboard containers also leak easily and are not
designed for long-term storage of liquids.
- Do not use glass containers, because they can break and
- If storing water in plastic soda bottles, follow these
- Thoroughly clean the bottles with dish washing
soap and water, and rinse completely so there is no
- Sanitize the bottles by adding a solution of 1
teaspoon of non-scented liquid household chlorine
bleach to a quart of water.
- Swish the sanitizing solution in the bottle so
that it touches all surfaces.
- After sanitizing the bottle, thoroughly rinse
out the sanitizing solution with clean water.
- To fill water containers, follow these steps:
- Fill the bottle to the top with regular tap
- If the tap water has been commercially treated
from a water utility with chlorine, you do not need
to add anything else to the water to keep it
- If the water you are using comes from a well or
water source that is not treated with chlorine, add
two drops of non-scented liquid household chlorine
bleach to the water.
- Tightly close the container using the original
cap. Be careful not to contaminate the cap by
touching the inside of it with your finger.
- Place a date on the outside of the container so
that you know when you filled it.
- Store in a cool, dark place.
- Replace the water every six months if not using
commercially bottled water.
Not to challenge FEMA, but if you have some water that may
contain bacteria because it was stored in a used milk jug, at
least you have some water. From here proper filtering and
purification methods can make it drinkable. Or, you could still
use the water for purposes other then consumption such as:
- Water a Garden
- Flush Toilets
- Washing Clothes
It brings up the old quote:
Some water is better than no
water at all.
Today, there are numerous products of bottled water.
Some have been harvested from a clean spring, some is city
water and some has been purified. Check your
sources. Unopened bottled water makes excellent
storage supply. Make note of the expiration dates and rotate
Other considerations on storing water in bottles and
If you wanted to store water for other uses (sanitation,
water gardens, etc.) then used milk jugs could work
for that. In this case, the following guidelines can be
- Remember to mark the jugs as non-drinkable.
- There are different kinds of lids for plastic jugs.
Some are held on by pressure and these are not reliable.
Try to find those that screw on. If that means that you pay
more for milk, do so for a while until you get a good
- Since plastic jugs are not meant to last forever, they
may not make good jugs for storing liquids. However, they
can be very useful in storing powders and dry goods.
- If you store laundry powder in a plastic jug, you will
likely have less spilled (wasted) detergent and it will be
more likely to stay dry than if it is left in the box.
Also, it may be easier to pour from a jug than to
scoop it from a box.
- Other dry goods store well in plastic jugs such as
grains, salt, and other foods.
- Another use of a plastic jug is to cut it to make a
- These jugs have lots of uses and a good supply of them
could be a welcome sight someday.
- Jugs are great containers to make ice with. Once
frozen, they can be cut open to remove the ice. If you
don't want to destroy the jugs, they can be used to chill a
cooler by inserting them in the cooler with the food. If
you put a couple of inches of water in the bottom of the
cooler, the ice will be much more effective in keeping
things really cold.
- If you store liquid in plastic jugs of any kind for any
length of time, be sure to monitor them for leaks as well
as to provide a clean path for the water to flow should
Caution: Do not store edible
foods or liquids in non-food jugs, such as those used
for bleach, oil or antifreeze.
Bucket - A
bucket represents a portable water storage device. If you have
advanced warning that you may lose water pressure, you can fill
all of your buckets. If you can buy or collect lids for the
buckets that you own, it will help protect the water that you
store in them.
Opener - Some bottles, buckets and cans cannot
be opened unless you have an opener. In the old days these were
readily available in places like motel rooms or on the handles
of ice chests. There are substitutes that can be used but care
should be used to ensure that no part of the glass is broken
while being opened.
Drain Plug -
If water ever were to be scare, the last thing you would want
would be to have water leaking down the drain. Make sure you
have an ample supply of drain plugs for all your sinks and
tubs. Where possible, chain them to the faucet so they will not
disappear. If you do not have a drain plug, a plastic sandwich
bag works. However, use care that it does not get sent down the
Fountain - There are several kinds of drinking
fountains and if not used properly, they can all waste water.
There are drinking fountains that not only supply a sip of
water on demand but they also chill the water. These are
designed such that even with the power off, the water may not
be chilled but it still can be delivered.
There are also drinking fountains that connect to a hose
bib. These are useful to provide water outside to those who
might not otherwise get a drink of clean water because it
may not be convenient to go inside the house for a drink. If
one is present, it will likely discourage the bad habit of
getting a drink from a filthy garden hose.
An advantage of a drinking fountain is that it can provide
an instantaneous drink of clean water without the need for a
cup. This can prevent the spreading of germs via a shared
One disadvantage of a drinking fountain is that there can be
more water wasted than consumed when it is used.
Hose/Hydrant - Most people have never used a
fire hose and hydrant. They can be dangerous as they usually
operate with a lot of pressure. Check with your local fire
department to learn of the laws about citizens using them.
Probably you will not be allowed to just hook up a fire hose
and turn it on. However, if there are reasons that the fire
department cannot get to you, it might be well for you to know
how to use one. In rural areas, it may take a long time for
fire trucks to arrive and in many cases, the local residents
may have their own fire hoses. Any advanced training you can
get could be helpful. Water from this source should be purified
prior to drinking.
If you live in an area that receives large quantities of
snow, be sure to clear the area around your nearest hydrants so
your house does not burn just because the fire department could
not find the fire hydrant.
Fountain - If
you have a fountain either inside or outside of your home, you
can use the water that it contains. Water from this source
should be purified prior to drinking.
Funnel - One
of the most overlooked pieces of storage equipment just
might be the funnel. Since funnels have numerous uses in
many categories, they have their own page. Click Here to learn more about funnels.
Garden Hose -
A garden hose is a common piece of preparedness equipment. Make
sure you keep your hoses in good working order. Keep a hose
repair kit on hand so you can repair a hose if needed.
In the winter, make sure that each hose is properly drained
before the first freeze so they can be used on a moment's
notice if needed. If you do wind up with a hose that is frozen
solid, plan ahead before its use and put it in the bathtub so
it can warm up and be drained. But don't wait for your house to
catch on fire before you try to clear out a frozen hose. If
there is hot water in the tub, it will speed up the thawing
If you leave a hose hooked up to a hose bib that is
connected to the house and that hose bib leaks, chances are
that you will get a frozen block of ice that follows that leak
back into the wall of the house. It can then break the pipe and
cause a leak. This can be avoided by disconnecting the hose
before the freezing weather arrives.
A good way to store a hose is to completely drain & dry
it and then connect both ends together. This can prevent the
hose from filling up with water from an outside source. It can
also prevent unwanted critters from building nests inside the
hose during extended periods of non-use. Consider storing an
unused, clean hose.
Hose End Cap -
A hose end cap is a small cap that screws on the end of a
garden hose. It can be useful to terminate a set of hoses that
have been connected together in series (as soaker hoses are).
It can also be used to screw onto a hose bib (in non-freezing
weather) to ensure that there are no drips of precious water
Hose Nozzle -
A hose nozzle can be used to control the flow of water from a
garden hose. The use of these over just letting water run when
it is not being used can help save water.
Jar - Jars
with lids make good water storage containers. If you do not
have a lid, use a plastic sandwich bag and a rubber band.
Pan - A pan is
a useful piece of water equipment because it can hold water. It
is best to use pans that are made of stainless steel or
aluminum so they will not rust. Wide brim, shallow pans can be
quite useful in collecting rainwater. A pan would usually be
thought of as a temporary water storage container, such as for
when you need to store water shortly before losing water
Pipes - The
pipes in your home contain water that is probably OK to
consume. To get the water out of the pipes, put a clean
pot or bucket under the lowest faucet in the house. Then
open the cold water faucet and also open another cold
water faucet. Note: the hot water pipes will need to be
harvested in conjunction with the Water Heater. See that
section below. After the Water Heater has been drained,
repeat these steps using the hot water faucets.
Rain Barrel -
In the old days, most homes had rain barrels. The
alternative for them was to have to haul water from the river.
Today we may be somewhat spoiled because if we turn on the tap
and no water comes out, we just might not have any water.
Rain barrels can be any size or made of whatever you want.
The best ones might be plastic because they should not leak as
much as wooden ones. However, plastic rain barrels will last
longer if they are not exposed to the sun so cover them with
black plastic or something to keep them shaded.
If you plan ahead and at least own rain
barrels, you may have a chance to let Mother Nature
supply your family with water the next time it rains.
They work best when they are placed under downspouts that
collect the rain that falls anywhere on the roof.
Be sure to have a way to keep debris out of your rain
barrel. If you have a hose bib at the bottom of it, you
can easily transport the water to anywhere a hose will reach.
But if you do not have a hose bib, either a siphon hose or a
water pump can be useful to harvest the rainwater you have
collected. Consider placing your rain barrel higher than
wherever you may use it so gravity will be all that is
necessary to move it. Water from this source should be purified
prior to drinking.
Check your state laws on this issue. At least one state has
a law against collecting rainwater. There are surely way too
many laws in our great land.
Rain Gutter -
Rain gutter can be a helpful piece of water equipment to direct
rainwater to a downspout that has a rain barrel under it. Also,
extra pieces of rain gutter can be useful around the yard in
directing water. Besides that, they can be used to make sure
water does not fall on places where you may not want it to.
Reverse Osmosis (RO)
System - This a complicated water purification
system that is commonly installed in homes. It does produce
very clean water, but a drawback is that it discards water in
the process of cleaning water. You need to make sure that you
capture the discarded water and find a use for it. If nothing
else, you can always flush a toilet with it. It also takes a
while for an RO System to produce clean water.
Washer - This consists of a small piece of
rubber that fits inside the female portion of a hose
connection. It is necessary to prevent leaks at the hose
connection. Since they wear out on occasion and are cheap to
buy ahead of time and easy to store, consider getting a few of
them. There may be times in your future when you really do not
want to waste even one drop of good water.
Siphon Hose -
This is a hose that can be used to drain liquid
from a tank, barrel or bucket. It is used as follows:
- Insert one end of the tube into the liquid
- Insert the other end of the tube into your mouth and
blow until bulbbles surface in the liquid
- Suck on the tube, but be careful to not get any liquid
in your mouth
- Lower the end of the tube to a point lower than the top
of the liquid
- The liquid will seek its own level and begin to
trickle out of the tube.
Still - A
still can be useful to purify water. All that is needed is a
heat source and some tubes and a couple of containers. One
container holds the "dirty" water. The heat source is applied
to this container and then the water evaporates and the water
vapor travels up a tube to a cooling area where it is cooled
and the water vapor returns to liquid which then drops into a
clean container. Depending on the heat source this can be
costly in fuel and/or take a long time.
- If you have a swimming pool, you have several thousand
gallons of water right on your property. Make sure you have
hoses and buckets that will work with no electricity so you can
harvest this water if needed. Be careful if you water the lawn
or garden because of the chemicals that may be in swimming pool
water. Water from this source should be purified prior to
Filter - For those who are fortunate enough to
have a swimming pool filter, you need to recognize that it can
help clean water. Whether you have a full size backyard pool or
a smaller above ground pool, your filter can be your friend.
The use of the filter, coupled with the normal pool chemicals
and a test kit can help you obtain water that is cleaner than
it could be. Water from this source should be purified prior to
Toilet Tank -
Most homes have toilets that store water in a small tank
attached to the back of the toilet. This water is not sewer
water (yet) but it should not be used for drinking as is. Water
from this source should be purified prior to drinking.
Usually animals have a trough or some other container from
which to drink. If you live in the cold country, you need to
have a way to keep their water liquid during winter. There are
electric heaters that make this easy, but what if you do not
have electricity? Can you put hot rocks in the trough to keep
it warm? Water from this source should be purified prior to
Tube - The
kind of tube referred to here is the kind called surgical
tubing. It can withstand high temperatures and still not melt.
Likewise, it can withstand low temperatures and it will still
There is no limit to the uses of tubes for various liquids.
They are not expensive and it would be a good idea to get one
big roll or several lengths of tubing. Try to collect several
different sizes. Some pinch clamps could be helpful too.
Water Barrel -
The kind of water barrel that works well for water storage is
in sizes of 15 or 30 or 55 gallons. Usually they are made of
polyethylene plastic and have a closed lid on top. There is a
hole in the top with a threaded cap. Through this hole, you can
insert a tube to withdraw the water. It is a good idea to keep
all of the tubes and pumps needed to remove water close by the
barrels so they can be found when needed. Be sure to dry &
store tubes and pumps in clean containers because the last
thing you would want to do if you ever do need the water in a
barrel is to use it to clean the equipment that is used to
remove the water.
Be careful to store these water barrels in the upright
position. They can be stacked in this manner. However, on their
side, if they are stacked, they can collapse.
Water from this source should be purified prior to
You might already have a nice supply of water right beneath
your pillow, that is if you have a water-bed. Be sure that you
have the right kind of equipment needed to harvest water from
it. Water from this source should be purified prior to
Water Heater -
Most homes are equipped with either a solar, gas or electric
water heater. Besides being a good source in which to store
water, they, of course can be used to heat water.
Most water heaters have a thermostat that lets you select
the desired temperature of the water. If your fuel supply is
limited or you are under financial constraints, consider
reducing this temperature. If there are times when you will be
gone and not using any hot water, you can save by turning this
down real low. The drawback is that once you return, you will
need to turn it back up and wait a while before you will have
hot water. Depending on the source of heat for your water
heater and the amount of time you are gone, the savings could
Most water heaters are always storing at least 30 or more
gallons of water. Most water heaters have a hose bib at the
bottom of the tank and can be drained through a garden hose. Be
sure that you have a garden hose that has never been in the
yard or garden so it will not contaminate clean water. Just
store an extra hose near the water heater. Make sure it is
completely dry inside and then hook both ends together to keep
unwanted critters out.
Caution: Be sure to turn off
the heat source to your water heater before you drain
Also, if the reason that you need to drain the water heater
is because your main supply of water is contaminated, be sure
to turn off the pipe that brings that water into your home.
You may have to open a hot water faucet at a sink to allow
air to replace the water in the tank.
Water Pump -
Water pumps can come in many varieties, depending on the
planned usage for them. There are the following kinds of water
pumps in different sizes:
- Bicycle powered water pump
- Electric fountain pump
- Hand water pump
- Solar powered water pump
Make sure that you have spare parts that can be used to
repair your water pumps. That includes spare pipe and the tools
needed to fix things.
Wrench - Your home probably has some way to
shut off the water supplied by your water company. You should
locate the valve and make sure that you have the correct kind
of wrench (key) to turn it on and off. Teach your family
members how to do this.
If you leave town on an extended trip, turn the water off
before it enters your home. That way if a pipe were to burst
inside your home while you are gone, you would not have a
flood when you return home.
Water Spigot -
This also known as a hose bib. Leaky hose bibs can waste
precious, expensive water. It is a good idea to keep all of
your hose bibs in good repair and you might consider storing
spares so you can repair one if you can't go buy one. Hose bibs
can be used in rain barrels or other water storage containers
to allow for the controlled delivery of water.
Water Sport Purification
Bottle - These were, at first, made for
athletes, but today you are likely to see them everywhere. They
can be purchased with screw on lids, built in straws and even
convenient handles. Some even have built-in filters. However
you use one, they make excellent portable water storage
containers. This is very handy if you have a source of water
and need to purify it.
To see a Water Sport Purification Bottle , try
Tank/Tower - Most people do not have access to
or control the water tank or tower from which their water
comes. However, there are people who do have a water tank or
tower. For our purposes, just consider a water tower to be a
water tank on stilts.
Keeping this full and clean and liquid will be important to
be as prepared as possible. Also consider having repair parts
on hand to fix what might break on the tank. Make sure you
understand how to get the water out of the tank in case the
primary method were to fail.
Water Test Kit
- There are test kits that can tell you how clean water is.
Since there may be times when you may not have the services of
a city to provide clean water, you may be on your own. Obtain
one of these test kits and learn how to use it.
To see some Water Test Kits, try these links:
Watersafe Home Drinking Water Test, Lead,
Well - For
millennia people have retrieved good clean water from a well.
If you have access to a well, consider yourself lucky. If you
properly manage your well you can have clean water upon demand.
Make sure you understand how to test the well to ensure it
produces clean water. Make sure you have alternate ways in
which to pump water from the well. For example, if you have an
electric pump on your well and you lose electricity, use one of
the following to pump water from the well:
- Battery powered pump
- Bicycle to power a pump
- Bucket and a rope on a crank
- Generator to power the pump
- Hand pump
- Solar pump
- Windmill to pump the water
Some of these may require some planning ahead of time. But
that is why this website is called "Prepare For
For more info on how to purify any of the water sources on
this page, Click here for the Water
- Purification link.