The environment in which you are forced to exist during your
emergency may not be as comfortable as what you are used to.
The various major categories of this web site deal, in great
detail, with many things you can do to prepare to have as
comfortable of an Environment as possible, should an emergency
arise. Below are some ideas of ways in which you can increase
your comfort level under given circumstances.
If the weather is cold/cool here are some ways to stay
- Stay as dry as possible - If you get wet, the ambient
air and any wind will have more of a chance to draw heat
from you and thus you will become cold.
- Dress in layers - This will allow you to get just the
right amount of clothing and not be under- or over-dressed.
If you have too many clothes on, your body will start to
sweat to cool itself down. Then you are wet and the
moisture will wick heat from your body and you can get
- Use blankets - If you have warm, dry blankets, use
them. They can even be shared by people.
- Use body heat - Huddle together with others to keep
each other warm.
- If your toes are cold put on a hat - Every Boy Scout
has heard that and asked how that works. It is simple, heat
rises. If your head is not covered, heat will rise right
out of your body and this will leave your toes (which are
the lowest part of the body) to get cold. Try it.
- Get out of the wind - The wind can produce a cooling
effect and extract precious body heat right away from
- Drink warm, not hot liquids.
- Build a fire.
- Get in the sunshine.
- Use reflectors to build a "Solar Warmer" that can
direct heat to one spot - you.
- Wrap yourself in an emergency blanket
If the weather is hot/warm here are some ways to stay
- Get out of the sun - Find some shade, somewhere. Make
your own, the best that you can. Look at the sun and figure
out which direction it is traveling and figure out where
the shade will be growing and plan for that.
- If you are in the sun, put on a hat - Wait, you just
learned that a hat will keep your feet warm, and you want
to cool off. That is correct, but direct sunlight on the
head will be a major source of discomfort. So, it you are
hot, cover your head.
- Find a breeze - Even if you have to create one yourself
with some kind of fan.
- Wear loose clothing - Keeping clothing from clinging to
the body will allow air to get inside and cool the
- Put on long pants and long sleeves - This might sound
funny, but if you look at people who live in the
desert all their lives, you don't often see them
wearing shorts or short sleeves like the tourists do. If
you have an emergency, you will not be "on tour" so the
main goal is to minimize exposure of the skin to the
- Drink cool, not cold liquids.
- If you must work or walk, do so at night if
- Blow air over your body that has passed through a wet
- Go swimming - The body can rehydrate more easily in
water, even if the water is uncomfortably warm. After you
get out, stand in the shade and let the water evaporate
from your body (instead of using a towel).
- Chew on ice
- Squirt yourself with a hose.
- Put wet cloths on your skin.
- Don't exert yourself.
- Learn the signs and symptoms of Heat Stroke and Heat
Exhaustion and take proper precautions.
Learn about weather and how to predict what is happening.
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